Infertility and subfertility are two different concepts. Infertility refers to a state in which reproductive function has certain deficiencies and needs medical assistance. Subfertility refers to a condition in which a couple who has no problem with reproductive function is unable to become pregnant even if they continue normal marital relationship for one year. The term "normal marital relationship" as used here refers to a marital relationship that regulates a male's ejaculation cycle and calculates a woman's ovulation date.
Statistics show that if a married couple has a normal marital relationship without contraception, the probability of becoming pregnant within one year is about 80-90%. Couples who want to get pregnant will get a lot of stress if they are not able to achieve it. This stress again makes the pregnancy difficult by breaking down the balance of life.
Especially stress is a major cause of infertility and subfertility and it can cause ovulation disorder, fallopian tube disorder and uterine spasm. Therefore, it is important for women to relax their minds. Not only women but also stress affects men. Erectile dysfunction caused by stress makes it difficult to have intercourse, and it also has a negative impact on the production of healthy sperm. In other words, all married couples should be patient to have a child.
Statistics shows that subfertility causes are more in men than women. There are a variety of reasons caused by males, which can be largely divided into inherited factors and acquired factors.
There are two ways to treat male males: [medical treatment / surgical treatment].
The pharmacological treatment of male infertility revealed specific causes of male sterility and drug therapy in which specific drugs were given for each of the causative diseases such as endocrine disease, congestive heart failure, If you do not have antioxidants, anti-estrogen, etc. There are medications. The treatment period for medication usually requires a minimum of 3 months in total of 74 days required for spermatogenesis in the testes and 10-14 days for mature and sperm transport in the epididymis. During the treatment period, we perform periodic semen tests and, if necessary, hormone tests.
Assuming no abnormalities in the function of the reproductive system that produces the sperm, it is most influenced by the healthy state of the spermatozoa in the malnutrition and metabolic status of males. In other words, it is essential to supplement the nutrients needed to produce healthy sperm to maintain normal health.
It is reported that 95% of women of childbearing age have one or more factors that can have a negative impact on future pregnancies. It is reported that the intrauterine fetal environment during pregnancy not only affects neonate but also affects the health and growth after birth. It is very important that couple are managed and maintained at the optimum condition before the pregnancy for the future health of the second generation. Therefore, Pre-pregnancy management is necessary to prevent genetic diseases such as neural tube defects and phenylcauteropathies, as well as helping planned pregnancy, reducing complications of women's chronic diseases such as diabetes, epilepsy and cardiovascular disease.
In the case of an unplanned pregnancy, you will miss the time to eliminate, control, or prevent anomalies that can affect your pregnancy. Therefore, it is very important to plan ahead for pregnancy. For pregnancy, the couple should prepare together at least three months in advance. Pregnant mothers should check their ovulation cycle, control their weight, and avoid smoking and over drinking. From this time on, you would need to start taking folic acid or nutritional supplements to help you get pregnant and continue taking it even after your pregnancy. In the case of a husband, it takes about 100 days for sperm to mature and be used for pregnancy. You should try to avoid smoking and make yourself in the best condition.
Young couples think they are very healthy. However, pre-pregnancy counseling mothers are often found with factors that can affect pregnancy, such as anemia, chronic illness, and gynecological disease. Therefore, even if you think you are healthy, it is recommended to counsel with doctor before pregnancy. In the case of first pregnancy, unexpected diseases are diagnosed sometimes. If you see irregular ovulation, the probability of pregnancy decreases. So it’s better to check the ovulation cycle, and if the cycle is severely irregular, you will receive treatment such as ovulation promotion.
Pre-pregnant mothers who have to take medicines or need regular injections such as insulin are in worry. Especially in older pregnancies over 35 years old, it is reported that the frequency is high. In such cases, planned pregnancy is important. First, you need to know if your condition can cover your pregnancy. If you are able to conceive, try to stop the administration of medicine or injection about one month before the time of pregnancy. If you are unable to stop treatment even during pregnancy, you should take medicines or injections that have less effect on the fetus. When pregnant, it is important to observe the progress carefully from the beginning under the cooperation of obstetrics and gynecology department.
Pregnancy is not just for the mother. Husbands are also encouraged to participate in the planning of pregnancy. You should check your health condition to see if there is a disease or condition that may affect sperm production. The proportion of males among the causes of infertility cannot be ignored. Therefore, the husband's health is also very important. From the pre-pregnancy period, you should try to quit smoking, quit drinking, and exercising properly to help your pregnancy.